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High Rated Dry Cargo Vessel Site
25-11-2021, 01:55 AM
Příspěvek: #1
High Rated Dry Cargo Vessel Site
The general purpose and functions of sea-going bulk carriers

There are many risks when operating seagoing bulk vessels. You should plan well and take care when handling all important shipboard matters. This website is intended to serve as a reference for international shipping communities. It provides information and guidelines for loading and unloading bulk cargo types. The site must remain within the limitations that are set by the classification society. It is important to minimize the chance of stressing ship's structures and comply with all safety guidelines to ensure the safety of sea travel. We have detail pages which cover a variety of topics that concern bulk carriers. They are helpful for both those aboard and those ashore in the terminal.

The general characteristics of bulk seagoing vessels
Bulk carriers are single-deck vessels designed with top-side tanks and hopper side tanks in cargo spaces . They are designed principally to transport one-commodity bulk cargo. Solid bulk cargo includes any material other than gas or liquids that is composed of a mixture of granules and particles. It is possible to load directly into cargo spaces without the need for any containerization. Examples of dry cargo are grain sugar, ores, and sugar in bulk. Bulk carriers can be described as any ship designed primarily to transport solid or liquid cargo in bulk. Tankers are also included. The term is used primarily to describe ships that carry solid bulk cargos. This would include grains and similar agricultural products. Click over to this bulk ship info for more.

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What Is Bulk Carrier?

"A ship which is intended primarily to carry dry cargo in bulk, including such types as ore carriers and combination carriers"

Carrying weights range from 3,000 tonnes up to 300,000.
-Average speed of 12-15 knots
-Single deck ships, ie no tweendecks
Carriers from small to medium size (carrying up to 40,000 tonnes) generally have cargo handling gear. Larger vessels are, however, equipped with docks for loading and unloading.
Large cargo holds have no obstructions and bigger hatch sizes for ease of loading/unloading.
The majority of bulk carriers have a ballast hold. It can be used to improve stability on ballast voyages. One or two further holds may be permitted for partially ballasting but only when in port.
They are equipped with single pull, hydraulic or stacking (piggy- back) hatch covers made of steel.
-Quatre types of ballast tanks
Sloping topside wing tanks
Sloping bottom side-wing tanks
Double bottom tanks
Ballasts for peak and post peak water tanks

Is it solid bulk cargo? Any material, other than gas or liquid, made up of a mixture of particles, granules , or any larger pieces of material, generally homogenous in composition and loaded directly into the cargo spaces without any intermediate type of confinement. There are numerous cargoes carried by bulk transporters. These include food items and minerals that can react with one another as well as with water sources. Cleaning must be adequate to allow the cargo to be loaded. It typically, a surveyor is required to pass the space as suitable to load. To avoid contamination, it is essential to eliminate any leftovers from a previous cargo. Damage to bulk cargo is usually due to water. To avoid water intrusion, hatch covers must be watertight. Every fitting (ladders or pipe guards as well as bilge covers) inside the container should be examined. All fittings in the hold (pipe guards, bilge covers.) should be inspected to ensure they are in proper condition and securely secured. This equipment can cause serious delay and damage to conveyor belts. Inadvertent discharge of cargo can result in the ship being accountable. Check out this handysize bulker url for more.

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Bulk Carrier or Bulker? A vessel designed to carry dry cargo, loaded into the vessel with no containment other than the vessel's boundaries, as distinguished from the bulk carrier that is liquid or tanker. Conventional bulk carriers have only a single deck that has a single skin, double-bottom, topside tanks and hopper sides. Bulk carriers have the ability to transport heavy ore as well as lighter grain to their highest weight. It can be challenging to transport, load and disperse dry bulk cargo.

Gearless Bulk Carrier
Many bulk cargoes contain dangerous substances or change their properties while in transit. Improper loading could lead to the ship to break easily. There is a possibility for a vessel to bow when it is not properly loaded. This can cause the ship to'stress'. can have life threatening results at sea in rough weather. Other cargoes could be affected by the residuals of other cargoes. Certain bulk cargoes could be affected by water damage, e.g. cement power. It can be difficult to verify the exact quantities of cargoes which have been loaded or removed. These variables can have significant effects on how bulk cargoes are handled safely. Discharging bulk cargo using? If conveyor belts and similar systems are not controlled and monitored the bulk cargoes will create the shape of a cone. This angle is called the "angle of repose" and is dependent on the particular cargo. Iron ore-based cargoes for instance, will form an cone with an angle. The cargo that is able to move freely will form the cone with a narrow angle. A cargo with low angles to repose is more susceptible to shifting in transit. When the cargo is nearing the point of completion, bulldozers may be required to spread the load in the hold. Most dry-bulk carriers depend on facilities on the shore to discharge cargo and load it onto the shores however certain bulk carriers offer self-unloading capabilities with conveyors underneath the cargo hold, or with cranes on deck.

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28-11-2021, 07:03 PM
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14-03-2022, 05:04 PM
Příspěvek: #3
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